Temperature can shape a cline in polyandry, but only genetic variation can sustain it over time

Michelle L. Taylor, Tom A R Price, Alison Skeats, Nina Wedell*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

    7 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Multiple mating by females (polyandry) is a widespread behavior occurring in diverse taxa, species, and populations. Polyandry can also vary widely within species, and individual populations, so that both monandrous and polyandrous females occur together. Genetic differences can explain some of this intraspecific variation in polyandry, but environmental factors are also likely to play a role. One environmental factor that influences many fundamental biological processes is temperature. Higher temperatures have been shown to directly increase remating in laboratory studies of insects. In the longer term, high temperature could also help to drive the evolution of larger-scale patterns of behavior by changing the context-dependent balance of costs and benefits of polyandry across environments. We examined the relative influence of rearing and mating temperatures on female remating in populations of Drosophila pseudoobscura that show a latitudinal cline in polyandry in nature, using a range of ecologically relevant temperatures. We found that females of all genotypes remated more at cooler temperatures, which fits with the observation of higher average frequencies of polyandry at higher latitudes in this species. However, the impact of temperature was outweighed by the strong genetic control of remating in females in this species. It is likely that genetic factors provide the primary explanation for the latitudinal cline in polyandry in this species.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)462-469
    Number of pages8
    JournalBehavioral Ecology
    Volume27
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

    Keywords

    • Drosophila pseudoobscura
    • environmental drivers
    • female behavior
    • genetic variation
    • sexual selection

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