Testing the Structure of Multipartite Entanglement with Bell Inequalities

Nicolas Brunner*, James Sharam, Tamas Vertesi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We show that the rich structure of multipartite entanglement can be tested following a device-independent approach. Specifically we present Bell inequalities for distinguishing between different types of multipartite entanglement, without placing any assumptions on the measurement devices used in the protocol, in contrast with usual entanglement witnesses. We first address the case of three qubits and present Bell inequalities that can be violated by W states but not by Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger states, and vice versa. Next, we devise 'subcorrelation Bell inequalities' for any number of parties, which can provably not be violated by a broad class of multipartite entangled states (generalizations of Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger states), but for which violations can be obtained for W states. Our results give insight into the nonlocality of W states. The simplicity and robustness of our tests make them appealing for experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110501
Number of pages5
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume108
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Mar 2012

Keywords

  • QUANTUM ENTANGLEMENT
  • STATES

Cite this