The Ability of a Potassium Oxalate Gel Strip to Occlude Human Dentine Tubules; A Novel in vitro: in situ Study

Nicholas Chapman, Siân Bodfel Jones, Priya Bahal, Tao He, Phil Drake, Yuanshu Zou, Nicola X West

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

Abstract

Abstract Objectives: To determine if an oxalate strip reduced fluid flow in dentine samples and whether this reduction was maintained following a 14 day intra-oral period. Methods: Dentine tubule fluid flow was measured by a modified Pashley cell in 40 acid-etched dentine discs 1mm thick, diameter >10mm, with an acquired pellicle, pre-equilibrated with Hartmann’s solution and conditioned by toothbrushing, pre and post treatment (10min) with an oxalate (3.14%) gel strip or no treatment. One control and one test sample were exposed in-situ for 14 days to the oral environment in 20 healthy adult volunteers, and fluid flow re-measured. The appliance containing the two samples was removed for brushing with water after mealtimes when the participant brushed their teeth and for a 2min daily soak in chlorhexidine. Results: Fluid flow rate was reduced significantly immediately following treatment with the oxalate strip compared to baseline flow rate by 58%. Following 14 days in-situ oral environment phase, a significant further reduction in fluid flow compared to baseline was identified in both control and oxalate strip treated samples, both (p<0.0001), but the reduction was greater in the test samples, 94% vs 87%, p<0.01. Conclusions: This novel investigation is the first to show fluid flow measurement using the Pashley model in dentine samples that have been housed in the mouth for 14 days. Treatment with an oxalate strip designed for dentine hypersensitivity alleviation reduced dentine fluid flow more than control providing evidence that the oxalate treatment withstood the oral environment over a prolonged time. Clinical Significance This study demonstrated the efficacy and durability of the oxalate precipitate over a 14 day period in achieving and maintaining dentine tubule occlusion when participants had no dietary restrictions. This demonstrates the suitability of the oxalate strip for the treatment of patients suffering from dentine hypersensitivity pain.
Original languageEnglish
Article number103437
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Dentistry
Volume100
Early online date28 Jul 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Dentine tubules,
  • Potassium oxalate
  • dentine hypersensitivity
  • tubule occlusion
  • flow cell
  • Pashley Cell

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