The association between surgical volume and failure of primary total hip replacement in England and Wales: Findings from a prospective national joint replacement register

Adrian E Sayers*, Fiona A Steele, Michael R Whitehouse, Andrew Price, Yoav Ben-Shlomo, Ashley W Blom

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

9 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract


Objective
Investigate the association of volume of total hip arthroplasty (THA) between consultants and within the same consultant in the previous year and the hazard of revision using multi-level survival models.

Design
Prospective cohort study using data from a national joint replacement register.

Setting
Elective total hip arthroplasty (THA) across all private and public centres in England and Wales between April 2003 and February 2017.

Participants
Patients age 50 years or more undergoing THA for osteoarthritis.

Intervention
The volume of THA conducted in the preceding 365-days to the index procedure.

Main Outcome and measure
Revision surgery (excision, addition or replacement) of a primary THA.

Results
Of the 579,858 patients undergoing primary THA (mean baseline age 69.8 years [SD 10.2]), 61.1% were female. Multi-level survival found differing results for between and within-consultant effects. There was a strong volume-revision association between consultants, with a near linear 43.3% (95% CI 29.1%, 57.4%) reduction of the risk of revision comparing consultants with volumes between 1 and 200 procedures annually. Changes in individual surgeons (within-consultant) case volume showed no evidence of an association with revision.

Conclusion
Separation of between- and within-consultant effects of surgical volume reveals how volume contributes to the risk of revision after THA. The lack of association within-consultants suggests that individual changes to consultant volume alone will have little effect on outcomes following THA.

These novel findings provide strong evidence supporting the practice of specialisation of hip arthroplasty. It does not support the practice of low volume consultants increasing their personal volume as it is unlikely their results would improve if this is the only change. Limiting the exposure of patients to consultants with low volumes of THA and greater utilization of centres with higher volume surgeons with better outcomes may be beneficial to patients.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere033045
Number of pages8
JournalBMJ Open
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Sep 2020

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The association between surgical volume and failure of primary total hip replacement in England and Wales: Findings from a prospective national joint replacement register'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this