The associations between urbanicity and physical activity and sitting time in Mexico

Maria Hermosillo-Gallardo, Russ Jago, Simon Sebire

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
271 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background: Approximately 17.4% of people in Mexico self-report physical activity levels below the World Health Organization’s guidelines and an average sedentary time of 16 hours per day. Low physical activity has been associated with non-communicable disease risk factors and previous research suggests that urbanicity might be an important determinant of physical activity. The aim of this study was to measure urbanicity in Mexico and assess if it is associated with physical activity and sitting time.

Methods: A sample of 2,880 men and 4,211 women aged 20-69 was taken from the 2012 Mexico National Health and Nutrition Survey and multivariable linear regression models were used to examine the association between physical activity, sitting time and urbanicity; adjusting for sex, education level, socioeconomic status and Body Mass Index. The urbanicity score and the seven urbanicity sub-scores were estimated from the CENSUS 2010.

Results: The sub-scores of demographic, economic activity, diversity and communication were negatively associated with physical activity. Sitting time was positively associated with the overall urbanicity, and the demographic and health sub-scores.

Conclusions: There was evidence of associations between urbanicity and physical activity in Mexico.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-194
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Physical Activity and Health
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2017

Keywords

  • Urbanisation
  • sitting time
  • walking
  • rural
  • urban

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