The Composite Index of Anthropometric Failure (CIAF): an alternative indicator of malnutrition in young children

S Nandy, Svedberg Peter

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter in a book

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives To construct a composite indicator of undernutrition, using anthropometric data, for estimating the prevalence of undernutrition in young children. Methods Developing a model by economist Peter Svedberg, a composite index of anthropometric failure (CIAF) is constructed, to measure the overall prevalence of undernutrition in young children. Anthropometric data are used from the second National Family Health Survey (NFHS-2) for India to compare the CIAF with three conventional indicators of undernutrition - stunting, wasting and underweight. The relationships between distinct sub-groups of anthropometric failure, poverty and morbidity are examined. Findings Conventional indices of undernutrition in young children provide varying estimates of prevalence. Based on NFHS-2 data, rates of stunting, wasting and underweight among children under 3 years old are 45%, 16% and 47% respectively. The CIAF shows a higher prevalence of undernutrition, with 60% of children suffering ‘anthropometric failure’. Children with multiple anthropometric failures show significantly greater risk of morbidity and are more likely to be from poorer households. Conclusion The CIAF provides a single, comprehensive indicator to estimate the prevalence of undernutrition. Conventional indices of stunting, wasting and underweight may provide underestimates. This has implications for governments, donor organisations and policy makers hoping to meet international targets to reduce undernutrition.
Translated title of the contributionThe Composite Index of Anthropometric Failure (CIAF): an alternative indicator of malnutrition in young children
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Anthropometry: Physical Measures of Human Form in Health and Disease
EditorsV Preedy
PublisherSpringer
Pages127 - 138
Number of pages11
ISBN (Print)9781441917874
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The Composite Index of Anthropometric Failure (CIAF): an alternative indicator of malnutrition in young children'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this