Balance fluxes have been calculated for the Greenland ice sheet using a two-dimensional finite difference scheme. They were calculated from a high-resolution digital elevation model (DEM) and mass-balance data for the Greenland ice sheet. The method applied assumes that there is a balance between the next accumulation and the ice flux at the margins and provides valuable information about the balance dynamics across the whole ice sheet. The balance fluxes, along with slope and slope direction information from the DEM were used in a geographical information system to delineate 10 major drainage basins. Each drainage basin can be considered as an independent flow unit and thus the individual mass balance of each basin can be calculated independently. Further, the fluxes across the grounding lines of several major outlet glaciers in northern Greenland have been calculated, resulting in a reassessment of the mass balance of northern Greenland.
|Translated title of the contribution||The delineation of major drainage basins on the Greenland Ice sheet using a combined numerical modelling and GIS approach|
|Pages (from-to)||1931 - 1941|
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 2000|