The development of young children of immigrants in Australia, Canada, the United kingdom, and the United States

E.V Washbrook, Jane Waldfogel, Bruce Bradbury, Miles Corak, Ali Akbar Ghanghro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In spite of important differences in some of the resources immigrant parents have to invest in their children, and in immigrant selection rules and settlement policies, there are significant similarities in the relative positions of four and five year old children of immigrants in Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Children of immigrants underperform their counterparts with native-born parents in vocabulary tests, particularly if a language other than the official language is spoken at home, but are not generally disadvantaged in nonverbal cognitive domains, nor are there notable behavioral differences. These findings suggest that the cross-country differences in cognitive outcomes during the teen years documented in the existing literature are much less evident during the early years.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1591-1607
Number of pages17
JournalChild Development
Volume83
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Sep 2012

Bibliographical note

© 2012 The Authors. Child Development © 2012 Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.

Keywords

  • Australia
  • Canada
  • Child
  • Child Behavior
  • Child Development
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cognition
  • Educational Status
  • Emigrants and Immigrants
  • Great Britain
  • Humans
  • Language
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Parents
  • Psychological Tests
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • United States

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