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The development of young children of immigrants in Australia, Canada, the United kingdom, and the United States

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • E.V Washbrook
  • Jane Waldfogel
  • Bruce Bradbury
  • Miles Corak
  • Ali Akbar Ghanghro
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1591-1607
Number of pages17
JournalChild Development
Issue number5
DatePublished - 13 Sep 2012


In spite of important differences in some of the resources immigrant parents have to invest in their children, and in immigrant selection rules and settlement policies, there are significant similarities in the relative positions of four and five year old children of immigrants in Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Children of immigrants underperform their counterparts with native-born parents in vocabulary tests, particularly if a language other than the official language is spoken at home, but are not generally disadvantaged in nonverbal cognitive domains, nor are there notable behavioral differences. These findings suggest that the cross-country differences in cognitive outcomes during the teen years documented in the existing literature are much less evident during the early years.

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© 2012 The Authors. Child Development © 2012 Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.

    Research areas

  • Australia, Canada, Child, Child Behavior, Child Development, Child, Preschool, Cognition, Educational Status, Emigrants and Immigrants, Great Britain, Humans, Language, Longitudinal Studies, Parents, Psychological Tests, Socioeconomic Factors, United States

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