The DINGO database of axial pile load tests for the UK: settlement prediction in fine-grained soils

Elia Voyagaki, Jamie J Crispin, Charlotte Gilder, K. Ntassiou, Nick O'Riordan, Paul Nowak, Tarek Sadek, Dinesh Patel, George Mylonakis, Paul J Vardanega*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
119 Downloads (Pure)


The availability of reliable field data is critical for the advancement of geotechnical engineering. This is particularly the case for piled foundations; due to the substantial geotechnical uncertainties. The settlement (performance) predictions from established analytical methods may deviate from field measurements by as much as an order of magnitude. This paper
provides a statistical assessment of the uncertainty of predictions of pile performance under axial loading using an openly accessible geotechnical database of pile load tests from the United Kingdom. The collected database information was classified by pile type, location, test data quality and availability of geotechnical data. With reference to the data from fine-grained soils, two analytical models were employed to predict foundation settlement. The settlement prediction performance was then studied statistically and the model bias and error compared with reference to the aforementioned categories to identify the impact of different sources of uncertainty and evaluate the use of both models for future geotechnical practice. The two models investigated generally over-predict settlement, which is likely due to conservative selection of key model parameters, such as soil strength.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)640-661
Number of pages22
JournalGeorisk: Assessment and Management of Risk for Engineered Systems and Geohazards
Issue number4
Early online date16 Sept 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.


  • piles & piling
  • full scale tests
  • site investigation
  • settlement
  • soil/structure interaction


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