The Early Growth Genetics (EGG) and EArly Genetics and Lifecourse Epidemiology (EAGLE) Consortia: design, results and future prospects

Christel M Middeldorp, Janine F Felix, Anubha Mahajan, Early Genetics and Lifecourse Epidemiology (EAGLE) Consortium, Early Growth Genetics (EGG) Consortium, Mark I McCarthy, Lavinia Paternoster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

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Abstract

The impact of many unfavorable childhood traits or diseases, such as low birth weight and mental disorders, is not limited to childhood and adolescence, as they are also associated with poor outcomes in adulthood, such as cardiovascular disease. Insight into the genetic etiology of childhood and adolescent traits and disorders may therefore provide new perspectives, not only on how to improve wellbeing during childhood, but also how to prevent later adverse outcomes. To achieve the sample sizes required for genetic research, the Early Growth Genetics (EGG) and EArly Genetics and Lifecourse Epidemiology (EAGLE) consortia were established. The majority of the participating cohorts are longitudinal population-based samples, but other cohorts with data on early childhood phenotypes are also involved. Cohorts often have a broad focus and collect(ed) data on various somatic and psychiatric traits as well as environmental factors. Genetic variants have been successfully identified for multiple traits, for example, birth weight, atopic dermatitis, childhood BMI, allergic sensitization, and pubertal growth. Furthermore, the results have shown that genetic factors also partly underlie the association with adult traits. As sample sizes are still increasing, it is expected that future analyses will identify additional variants. This, in combination with the development of innovative statistical methods, will provide detailed insight on the mechanisms underlying the transition from childhood to adult disorders. Both consortia welcome new collaborations. Policies and contact details are available from the corresponding authors of this manuscript and/or the consortium websites.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)279-300
Number of pages22
JournalEuropean Journal of Epidemiology
Volume34
Issue number3
Early online date18 Mar 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019

Structured keywords

  • ICEP

Keywords

  • genetics
  • longitudinal
  • childhood traits and disorders
  • consortium

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    MRC IEU 2

    Davey Smith, G.

    1/04/1831/03/23

    Project: Research, Parent

    IEU: MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit Quinquennial renewal

    Gaunt, L. F. & Davey Smith, G.

    1/04/1831/03/23

    Project: Research

    MRC UoB UNITE Unit - programme 4

    Davey Smith, G. & Evans, D.

    1/06/131/04/18

    Project: Research

    Cite this

    Middeldorp, C. M., Felix, J. F., Mahajan, A., Early Genetics and Lifecourse Epidemiology (EAGLE) Consortium, Early Growth Genetics (EGG) Consortium, McCarthy, M. I., & Paternoster, L. (2019). The Early Growth Genetics (EGG) and EArly Genetics and Lifecourse Epidemiology (EAGLE) Consortia: design, results and future prospects. European Journal of Epidemiology, 34(3), 279-300. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10654-019-00502-9