The effect of albumin on podocytes: the role of the fatty acid moiety and the potential role of CD36 scavenger receptor

I Z A Pawluczyk, A Pervez, M Ghaderi Najafabadi, M A Saleem, P S Topham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Evidence is emerging that podocytes are able to endocytose proteins such as albumin using kinetics consistent with a receptor-mediated process. To date the role of the fatty acid moiety on albumin uptake kinetics has not been delineated and the receptor responsible for uptake is yet to be identified. Albumin uptake studies were carried out on cultured human podocytes exposed to FITC-labelled human serum albumin either carrying fatty acids (HSA+FA) or depleted of them (HSA-FA). Receptor-mediated endocytosis of FITC-HSA+FA over 60 min was 5 times greater than that of FITC-HSA-FA. 24h exposure of podocytes to albumin up-regulated nephrin expression and induced the activation of caspase-3. These effects were more pronounced in response to HSA-FA. Individually, anti-CD36 antibodies had no effect upon endocytosis of FITC-HSA. However, a cocktail of 2 antibodies reduced uptake by nearly 50%. Albumin endocytosis was enhanced in the presence of the CD36 specific inhibitor sulfo-N-succinimidyl oleate (SSO) while knock-down of CD36 using CD36siRNA had no effect on uptake. These data suggest that receptor-mediated endocytosis of albumin by podocytes is regulated by the fatty acid moiety, although, some of the detrimental effects are induced independently of it. CD36 does not play a direct role in the uptake of albumin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251-8
Number of pages8
JournalExperimental Cell Research
Volume326
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2014

Keywords

  • Antigens, CD36
  • Caspase 3
  • Cell Line
  • Endocytosis
  • Fatty Acids
  • Fluorescein-5-isothiocyanate
  • Gene Knockdown Techniques
  • Humans
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Oleic Acids
  • Podocytes
  • Protein Binding
  • Serum Albumin
  • Succinimides
  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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