BACKGROUND: Cardiac diseases (e.g. coronary and valve) are associated with ventricular cellular remodeling. However, ventricular biopsies from left and right ventricles from patients with different pathologies are rare and thus little is known about disease-induced cellular remodeling in both sides of the heart and between different diseases. We hypothesized that the protein expression profiles between right and left ventricles of patients with aortic valve stenosis (AVS) and patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) are different and that the protein profile is different between the two diseases. Left and right ventricular biopsies were collected from patients with either CAD or AVS. The biopsies were processed for proteomic analysis using isobaric tandem mass tagging and analyzed by reverse phase nano-LC-MS/MS. Western blot for selected proteins showed strong correlation with proteomic analysis.
RESULTS: Proteomic analysis between ventricles of the same disease (intra-disease) and between ventricles of different diseases (inter-disease) identified more than 500 proteins detected in all relevant ventricular biopsies. Comparison between ventricles and disease state was focused on proteins with relatively high fold (±1.2 fold difference) and significant (P < 0.05) differences. Intra-disease protein expression differences between left and right ventricles were largely structural for AVS patients and largely signaling/metabolism for CAD. Proteins commonly associated with hypertrophy were also different in the AVS group but with lower fold difference. Inter-disease differences between left ventricles of AVS and CAD were detected in 9 proteins. However, inter-disease differences between the right ventricles of CAD and AVS patients were associated with differences in 73 proteins. The majority of proteins which had a significant difference in one ventricle compared to the other pathology also had a similar trend in the adjacent ventricle.
CONCLUSIONS: This work demonstrates for the first time that left and right ventricles have a different proteome and that the difference is dependent on the type of disease. Inter-disease differential expression was more prominent for right ventricles. The finding that a protein change in one ventricle was often associated with a similar trend in the adjacent ventricle for a large number of proteins suggests cross-talk proteome remodeling between adjacent ventricles.
- Centre for Surgical Research