The effect of obesity on electrocardiographic detection of hypertensive left ventricular hypertrophy: Recalibration against cardiac magnetic resonance

J C L Rodrigues, B McIntyre, A G Dastidar, S M Lyen, L E Ratcliffe, A E Burchell, E C Hart, C Bucciarelli-Ducci, M C K Hamilton, J F R Paton, A K Nightingale, N E Manghat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
328 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Electrocardiograph (ECG) criteria for left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) are a widely used clinical tool. We recalibrated six ECG criteria for LVH against gold-standard cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and assessed the impact of obesity. One hundred and fifty consecutive tertiary hypertension clinic referrals for CMR (1.5 T) were reviewed. Patients with cardiac pathology potentially confounding hypertensive LVH were excluded (n=22). The final sample size was 128 (age: 51.0±15.2 years, 48% male). LVH was defined by CMR. From a 12-lead ECG, Sokolow–Lyon voltage and product, Cornell voltage and product, Gubner–Ungerleidger voltage and Romhilt–Estes score were evaluated, blinded to the CMR. ECG diagnostic performance was calculated. LVH by CMR was present in 37% and obesity in 51%. Obesity significantly reduced ECG sensitivity, because of significant attenuation in mean ECG values for Cornell voltage (22.2±5.7 vs 26.4±9.4 mm, P<0.05), Cornell product (2540±942 vs 3023±1185 mm • ms, P<0.05) and for Gubner–Ungerleider voltage (18.2±7.1 vs 23.3±1.2 mm, P<0.05). Obesity also significantly reduced ECG specificity, because of significantly higher prevalence of LV remodeling (no LVH but increased mass-to-volume ratio) in obese subjects without LVH (36% vs 16%, P<0.05), which correlated with higher mean ECG LVH criteria values. Obesity-specific partition values were generated at fixed 95% specificity; Cornell voltage had highest sensitivity in non-obese (56%) and Sokolow–Lyon product in obese patients (24%). Obesity significantly lowers ECG sensitivity at detecting LVH, by attenuating ECG LVH values, and lowers ECG specificity through changes associated with LV remodeling. Our obesity-specific ECG partition values could improve the diagnostic performance in obese patients with hypertension.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-203
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Human Hypertension
Volume30
Issue number3
Early online date4 Jun 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2016

Bibliographical note

Accepted 29 April 2015

Structured keywords

  • CRICBristol

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