The effect of rural-to-urban migration on renal function in an Indian population: cross-sectional data from the hyderabad arm of the Indian migration study.

Phillippa Bailey, Charles Tomson, Sanjay Kinra, Shah B J Ebrahim, K V Radhakrishna, Hannah Kuper, Dorothea Nitsch, Yoav Ben-Shlomo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND:
Urban migration is associated with an increased risk of hypertension, obesity and diabetes in Indian migrants. This study assessed the relationship between internal migration and renal function in the Hyderabad arm of the Indian Migration Study.
METHODS:
We assessed 841 subjects; urban non-migrants (n = 158), urban migrants (n = 424) and rural non-migrants (n = 259). Muscle mass was ascertained from DXA scanning. We derived urban life years for urban migrants and rural non-migrants. Multivariable linear regression was used to examine the association between tertiles of urban life years and 4-variable MDRD eGFR using Stata 11.
RESULTS:
Mean eGFR was lower in urban non-migrants and urban migrants compared to rural non-migrants. The prevalence of CKD 3-5 was higher in the rural non-migrant population (5.0%) than in the urban non-migrant populations (2.5%) due to a negatively skewed distribution of eGFR in rural non-migrants. As urban life years increased, eGFR declined (p = 0.008) though there was no obvious dose response effect. After adjustment for muscle mass, the association was attenuated and the trend was consistent with chance (p = 0.08). Further adjustment for vascular risk factors weakened the association to a small degree (p = 0.11).
CONCLUSIONS:
The high prevalence of reduced eGFR in rural areas requires further research. Urbanization was associated with reduced eGFR. This association appears mostly to be due to higher muscle mass with a small contribution from adverse vascular disease risk factors.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBMC Nephrology
Volume14
Issue number1
Early online date31 Oct 2013
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The effect of rural-to-urban migration on renal function in an Indian population: cross-sectional data from the hyderabad arm of the Indian migration study.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this