Critical micelle concentrations (CMCs) for the formation of inverse micelles have been determined for anionic surfactants in nonpolar, hydrocarbon solvents. Sodium dioctylsulfosuccinate (Aerosol OT or AOT) was chosen as the model surfactant, with systematic variations in both the solvent (benzene, cyclohexane, and dodecane) and the surfactant counterion (sodium and tetrapropylammonium). Recent work (Langmuir 29 (2013) 3352-3258) has shown that high-resolution small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) measurements can be used to directly determine the presence or absence of aggregates in solution. No variation in the value of the CMC was found within the resolution of the measurements for changing either solvent or counterion; some effects on the structure of inverse micelles were observed. This lack of a significant difference in the onset of inverse micellization with changes to the molecular species is surprising, and the implications on the solvophobic effect in nonpolar solvents are discussed.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Colloids and Surfaces A. Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects|
|Early online date||16 Jan 2016|
|Publication status||Published - 5 Apr 2016|
- Inverse micelles
- Nonpolar solvents
- Small-angle neutron scattering