Voids are an important type of manufacturing defects in fiber-reinforced composites. Matrix cracking is sensitive to the presence of voids. Although this cracking occurs at the ply scale, its dynamics is strongly affected by ply's microstructure, in particular, fiber distribution, fiber content, and the presence of voids. In the current study, a computational approach to simulate the influence of intra-laminar voids on cracking in composite laminates is developed. The approach combines finite element models of two scales: a micro-scale model, where the fibers and voids are modeled explicitly, and a meso-scale model, where the cracking phenomenon is captured on the ply scale. The micro-scale model, incorporating plasticity and damage in the matrix, provides input for the meso-scale model, which simulates the progressive cracking by means of the extended finite element method. The methodology is applied to investigate the effect of voids on the density of transverse cracks in cross-ply laminates in function of the quasi-static tensile load. Different sizes and contents of voids, which are chosen based on experimental micro-computed tomography data, are simulated. The numerical experiments show that the presence of voids leads to earlier start of the cracking, with the crack density evolution less sensitive to voids.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing|
|Early online date||10 Nov 2018|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2019|
- B. Porosity
- B. Transverse cracking
- C. Finite element analysis (FEA)
- Multiscale modeling
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Dr Antonio R Melro
Person: Academic , Member