The Effects of Cultural Transmission Are Modulated by the Amount of Information Transmitted

Thomas L. Griffiths*, Stephan Lewandowsky, Michael L. Kalish

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Information changes as it is passed from person to person, with this process of cultural transmission allowing the minds of individuals to shape the information that they transmit. We present mathematical models of cultural transmission which predict that the amount of information passed from person to person should affect the rate at which that information changes. We tested this prediction using a function-learning task, in which people learn a functional relationship between two variables by observing the values of those variables. We varied the total number of observations and the number of those observations that take unique values. We found an effect of the number of observations, with functions transmitted using fewer observations changing form more quickly. We did not find an effect of the number of unique observations, suggesting that noise in perception or memory may have affected learning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)953-967
Number of pages15
JournalCognitive Science
Volume37
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2013

Structured keywords

  • Memory

Keywords

  • Cultural transmission
  • Function learning
  • Bayesian modeling
  • INDUCTIVE BIASES
  • LANGUAGE EVOLUTION
  • INFERENCE

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