The Effects of Government Interventions in the Financial Sector on Banking Competition and the Evolution of Zombie Banks

Cesar Calderon, Klaus Schaeck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

24 Citations (Scopus)
573 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

We investigate how government interventions such as blanket guarantees, liquidity support, recapitalizations, and nationalizations affect banking competition. These issues are critical for stability, access to finance, and economic growth. Exploiting cross-country and cross-time variation in the timing of interventions and accounting for their nonrandomness, we document that liquidity support, recapitalizations, and nationalizations trigger large increases in competition. We also find some more nuanced evidence that zombie banks' market shares in crisis countries evolve together with interventions. A higher frequency of interventions coincides with greater zombie bank presence, and increases in competition are larger when zombie banks occupy bigger market shares.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1391-1436
Number of pages46
JournalJournal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis
Volume51
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2016

Bibliographical note

E-pub ahead of print date: 01/11/2016

Structured keywords

  • AF Banking

Keywords

  • bank bailouts
  • government interventions
  • competition
  • zombie banks
  • loan and deposit rates

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