The emergence of the Bristol School of Multiculturalism

Varun Uberoi*, Tariq Modood

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

1 Citation (Scopus)
95 Downloads (Pure)


Geoffrey Brahm Levey plausibly describes how a group of scholars who he calls the ‘Bristol School of Multiculturalism’ (BSM) differ from scholars who are often called Liberal Multiculturalists (LMs). We expand Levey's analysis by showing what in the history of the BSM's thought made the liberalism and the multiculturalism of LMs unconvincing for BSM scholars. Hence, we show how certain thinkers influenced BSM scholars in ways that made them unwilling to offer liberal theories and how BSM scholars began their work with multiculturalist ideas that differ from the multiculturalist ideas of LMs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)955-970
Number of pages16
Issue number6
Early online date3 May 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019


Bibliographical note

The acceptance date for this record is provisional and based upon the month of publication for the article.


  • Bristol School
  • Liberal Multiculturalism
  • Multiculturalism
  • National Identity

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