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The emergent structures in digital engineering work: what can we learn from dynamic DSMs of near-identical systems design projects?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere28
JournalDesign Science
Volume5
Early online date9 Dec 2019
DOIs
DateAccepted/In press - 19 Jul 2019
DateE-pub ahead of print (current) - 9 Dec 2019

Abstract

Design structure matrices (DSMs) are widely known for their ability to support engineers in the management of dependencies across product and organisational architectures. Recent work in the field has exploited product lifecycle management systems to generate DSMs via the co-occurrence of edits to engineering files. These are referred to as dynamic DSMs and results have demonstrated both the efficacy and accuracy of dynamic DSMs in representing engineering work and emergent product architectures. The wide-ranging applicability of the theoretical model and associated analytical process to generate dynamic DSMs enables investigations into the evolving structures within digital engineering work. This paper uses this new capability and presents the results of the world's first comparison of dynamic DSMs from a set of near-identical systems design projects. Through comparison of the dynamic DSMs' end-of-project state, change propagation characteristics and evolutionary behaviour, 10 emergent structures are elicited. These emergent structures are considered in the context of team performance and design intent in order to explain and code the identified structures. The significance of these structures for the management of future systems design projects in terms of productivity and efficacy is also described.

    Research areas

  • design project guidelines, design structure matrices, graph theory, network analysis, product lifecycle management

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    Rights statement: This is the final published version of the article (version of record). It first appeared online via Cambridge University Press at https://doi.org/10.1017/dsj.2019.20 . Please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.

    Final published version, 1.39 MB, PDF document

    Licence: CC BY-NC-SA

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