There is increasing evidence to suggest that mental simulations underlie many cognitive processes. We review results from three rapidly developing research areas suggesting that simulations underlie information retrieval. First, neuroimaging work indicates that cortical circuits that were activated during encoding are reactivated during retrieval. Second, retrieval is aided by behavioural re-enactment of processes involved in encoding, including re-enactment of encoding eye movements. Third, the time courses of encoding of visual features and the retrieval of information about those features are related. Overall, the evidence suggests that the often observed interactions between encoding and retrieval result from a cognitive system that, at least partially, reactivates processes that were involved in encoding to retrieve information.
|Translated title of the contribution||The encoding-retrieval relationship: Retrieval as mental simulation|
|Pages (from-to)||92 - 98|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Trends in Cognitive Sciences|
|Early online date||11 Feb 2008|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2008|