The evolution of science, technology and innovation policies: A review of the Ghanaian experience

Joseph Amankwah-Amoah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)
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Although there have been considerable past accomplishments in science, technology and innovation policy literature, our understanding of the evolution of government policies in these areas as a country transitions from one political regime to another, remains limited. This paper examines the issue within the context of Ghana, an emerging economy in sub-Saharan Africa, from 1957 to 2012. After a historical review of such government policies, we uncovered three key stages in the evolution of science and technology policy. These include the
adoption of the “science for development” strategy and convergence of science and industrial policy from 1957 to 1966. This was then followed by the divergence of science policy and industrial policy from 1967 to the 1990s following the overthrow of Nkrumah's government. The emergence of the “new dawn” from the 2000s onwards ushered in a new policy framework for national science and technology policy geared towards economic development. The study outlines a range of public policy implications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)134-142
Number of pages9
JournalTechnological Forecasting and Social Change
Early online date7 Dec 2015
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2016


  • Ghana
  • National science
  • Public policy
  • Technology policy
  • Innovation policy

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