The fluid mechanics of carbon dioxide sequestration

Herbert E. Huppert, Jerome A. Neufeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

146 Citations (Scopus)


Humans are faced with a potentially disastrous global problem owing to the current emission of 32 gigatonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2) annually into the atmosphere. A possible way to mitigate the effects is to store CO2 in large porous reservoirs within the Earth. Fluid mechanics plays a key role in determining both the feasibility and risks involved in this geological sequestration. We review current research efforts looking at the propagation of CO2 within the subsurface, the possible rates of leakage, the mechanisms that act to stably trap CO2, and the geomechanical response of the crust to large-scale CO2 injection. We conclude with an outline for future research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)255-272
Number of pages18
JournalAnnual Review of Fluid Mechanics
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2014


  • Convective dissolution
  • Geomechanics
  • Gravity currents
  • Leakage
  • Residual trapping

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