The gas distribution in the high-redshift cluster MS 1054-0321

Mohammad S K Mirakhor, Mark Birkinshaw

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We investigate the gas mass distribution in the high-redshift cluster MS 1054−0321 using Chandra X-ray and One Centimetre Receiver array Sunyaev–Zel'dovich (SZ) effect data. We use a superposition of offset β-type models to describe the composite structure of MS 1054−0321. We find gas mass fractions fX−raygas=0.087+0.005−0.001 and fSZgas=0.094+0.003−0.001 for the (main) eastern component of MS 1054−0321 using X-ray or SZ data, but fX−raygas=0.030+0.010−0.014 for the western component. The gas mass fraction for the eastern component is in agreement with some results reported in the literature, but inconsistent with the cosmic baryon fraction. The low-gas mass fraction for the western component is likely to be a consequence of gas stripping during the ongoing merger. The gas mass fraction of the integrated system is 0.060+0.004−0.009: we suggest that the missing baryons from the western component are present as hot diffuse gas which is poorly represented in existing X-ray images. The missing gas could appear in sensitive SZ maps.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2918-2928
Number of pages11
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number3
Early online date17 Feb 2016
Publication statusPublished - 11 Apr 2016


  • galaxies: clusters: general
  • galaxies: clusters: individual: MS 1054−0321
  • galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium
  • cosmic background radiation
  • cosmology: observations
  • X-rays: galaxies: clusters

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