The iBRA-2 (immediate Breast reconstruction And Adjuvant therapy Audit) Study – Protocol for a prospective national multi-centre cohort study to evaluate the impact of immediate breast reconstruction on the delivery of adjuvant therapy

Rajiv Dave, Rachel O'Connell, Tim Rattay, Zoe Tolkien, Nicola Barnes, Joanna Skillman, Paula R Williamson, Elizabeth Conroy, Matthew Gardiner, Adrian Harnett, Ciara O'Brien, Jane Blazeby, Shelley Potter, Chris Holcombe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
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Immediate breast reconstruction (IBR) is routinely offered to improve quality of life for women with breast cancer requiring a mastectomy, but there are concerns that more complex surgery may delay the delivery of adjuvant oncological treatments and compromise long-term oncological outcomes. High-quality evidence, however, is lacking. iBRA-2 is a national prospective multicentre cohort study that aims to investigate the effect of IBR on the delivery of adjuvant therapy.

Methods and analysis
Breast and plastic surgery centres in the UK performing mastectomy with or without (+/-) IBR will be invited to participate in the study through the trainee research collaborative network. All women undergoing mastectomy+/-IBR for breast cancer between 1st July and 31st December 2016 will be included. Patient demographics, operative, oncological and complication data will be collected. Time from last definitive cancer surgery to first adjuvant treatment for patients undergoing mastectomy+/-IBR will be compared to determine the impact that IBR has on the time of delivery of adjuvant therapy. Prospective data on 3000 patients from approximately 50 centres is anticipated.

Ethics and dissemination
Research ethics approval is not required for this study. This has been confirmed using the on-line Health Research Authority (HRA) decision tool. This novel study will explore whether IBR impacts the time to delivery of adjuvant therapy. The study will provide valuable information to help patients and surgeons make more informed decisions about their surgical options. Dissemination of the study protocol will be via the Mammary Fold Academic and Research Collaborative (MFAC) and the Reconstructive Surgery Trials Network (RSTN), the Association of Breast Surgery (ABS) and the British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons (BAPRAS). Participating units will have access to their own data and collective results will be presented at relevant surgical conferences and published in appropriate peer-reviewed journals.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere012678
Number of pages14
JournalBMJ Open
Issue number10
Early online date7 Oct 2016
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2016

Structured keywords

  • Centre for Surgical Research


  • immediate breast reconstruction
  • adjuvant therapy
  • Breast cancer
  • trainee collaboratives
  • cohort study


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  • ConDuCT-II

    Blazeby, J.


    Project: Research

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