The Impact of Demographic, Social, and Environmental Factors on the Development of Steroid-Responsive Meningitis-Arteritis (SRMA) in the United Kingdom

Jeremy Rose, Miloslawa Kwiatkowska, Elisabeth R Henderson, Nicolas Granger, Jane K Murray, Thomas R Harcourt-Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
311 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background

Steroid-responsive meningitis-arteritis (SRMA) is an inflammatory disease of dogs that is suspected to be immune-mediated. The development of other immune-mediated diseases has been linked to vaccinations, time of the year, geographic location, sex, neuter status, and breed.

Hypothesis/Objectives

To identify if the development of SRMA is associated with time of year, vaccination, geographic location, sex, neuter status, and breed.

Animals

Sixty SRMA cases and 180 controls, all ≤24 months of age and matched for year of presentation, from a referral hospital population in the United Kingdom.

Methods

Retrospective case-control study with unconditional logistic regression analysis.

Results

Beagles (P = .001), Border Collies (P = .001), Boxers (P = .032), Jack Russell Terriers (P = .001), Weimaraners (P = .048), and Whippets (P < .001) had significantly greater odds of developing SRMA in this population of dogs. Vaccination, time of year, geographic category, sex, and neuter status did not increase the odds of developing SRMA.

Conclusions and Clinical Importance

Only breed increased the odds of developing SRMA. It would be prudent to investigate the genetics of the identified breeds to help elucidate the etiopathogenesis of SRMA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1199-1202
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Volume28
Issue number4
Early online date28 Apr 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2014

Keywords

  • SRMA
  • Aseptic meningitis
  • Necrotizing vasculitis

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