The impact of manual defibrillation technique on no-flow time during simulated cardiopulmonary resuscitation

Gavin D. Perkins*, Robin P. Davies, Jasmeet Soar, David R. Thickett

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

    47 Citations (Scopus)


    Introduction: Rapid defibrillation is the most effective strategy for establishing return of spontaneous circulation following cardiac arrest due to ventricular fibrillation. The aim of this study is to measure the delay due to of charging the defibrillator during chest compression in an attempt to reduce the duration of the pre-shock pause in between cessation of chest compressions and shock delivery as advocated by the American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines compared to charging the defibrillator immediately following rhythm analysis without resuming chest compressions as recommended by the European Resuscitation Council (ERC). Methods: This was a randomised controlled cross over trial comparing pre-shock pause times when defibrillation was performed on a manikin according to the AHA and ERC guidelines using paddles and hands free defibrillation systems. Results: The pre-shock pause between cessation of chest compression and shock delivery was significantly different between techniques (Friedman test, P < 0.0001). ERC paddles technique had the greatest pre-shock pause (7.4 s [6.7-11.2]) followed by ERC hands free (7.0 s [6.5-8.5]) and AHA paddles (1.6 s [1.1-2.3]). AHA hands free took the least amount of time (1.5 s [0.8-1.5]). Extrapolating these data to older defibrillators with longer charge times saw pre-shock pause intervals of 9 s (Codemaster XL) and 12 s (Lifepak 20) with the ERC approach. Conclusion: This study demonstrated clinically significant delays to defibrillation by analysing and charging the defibrillator without performing concurrent chest compressions. In a simulated scenario, charging the defibrillator whilst performing chest compressions was perceived as safe and significantly reduced the pre-shock pause between cessation of chest compression and shock delivery.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)109-114
    Number of pages6
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2007

    Bibliographical note

    Copyright 2008 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


    • American Heart Association
    • Closed chest cardiac massage
    • Defibrillation
    • European Resuscitation Council
    • Manual defibrillator
    • Training
    • Ventricular fibrillation

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