The impact of participation in job creation schemes in turbulent times

Annette Bergemann, Laura Pohlan, Arne Uhlendorff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
348 Downloads (Pure)


This paper analyzes the impact of participation in job creation schemes (JCSs) on
job search outcomes in the context of the turbulent East German labor market in the aftermath of the German reunification. High job destruction characterized the economic environment. JCSs were heavily used in order to cushion this development. Using data from 1990-1999 and building upon the timing-of-events approach, we estimate multivariate discrete time duration models taking selection based on both observed and unobserved heterogeneity into account. Our results indicate that after initial negative effects during the
typical program duration of twelve months, probably driven by reduced job search effort during participation resulting in a rearrangement of the job queue, the impact on the job finding probability becomes insignificantly positive. Additional results, however, suggest that female and highly skilled participants leave unemployment quicker than other groups, which results in highly skilled women benefiting from participation. In general, we find no significant impact on post-unemployment employment stability. Our results are robust to allowing for random treatment effects. Also taking into account endogenous participation
in training programs, endogenous censoring, or multiple treatment effects do not change the results.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages20
JournalLabour Economics
Early online date3 Jun 2017
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 3 Jun 2017

Structured keywords

  • ECON Applied Economics


  • Active labor market policy
  • Structural change
  • Transition economy
  • East Germany
  • Timing-of-events model
  • Employment stability
  • Unemployment duration
  • Job creation schemes


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