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The Impact of Peatland Restoration on Local Climate: Restoration of a Cool Humid Island

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The Impact of Peatland Restoration on Local Climate : Restoration of a Cool Humid Island. / Worrall, Fred; Boothroyd, Ian; Gardner, Rosie; Howden, Nicholas; Burt, Tim P.; Smith, Richard ; Mitchell, Lucy; Kohler, Tim ; Gregg, Ruth .

In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, Vol. 124, No. 6, 18.07.2019, p. 1696-1713.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Harvard

Worrall, F, Boothroyd, I, Gardner, R, Howden, N, Burt, TP, Smith, R, Mitchell, L, Kohler, T & Gregg, R 2019, 'The Impact of Peatland Restoration on Local Climate: Restoration of a Cool Humid Island', Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, vol. 124, no. 6, pp. 1696-1713. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JG005156

APA

Worrall, F., Boothroyd, I., Gardner, R., Howden, N., Burt, T. P., Smith, R., Mitchell, L., Kohler, T., & Gregg, R. (2019). The Impact of Peatland Restoration on Local Climate: Restoration of a Cool Humid Island. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 124(6), 1696-1713. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JG005156

Vancouver

Worrall F, Boothroyd I, Gardner R, Howden N, Burt TP, Smith R et al. The Impact of Peatland Restoration on Local Climate: Restoration of a Cool Humid Island. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences. 2019 Jul 18;124(6):1696-1713. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JG005156

Author

Worrall, Fred ; Boothroyd, Ian ; Gardner, Rosie ; Howden, Nicholas ; Burt, Tim P. ; Smith, Richard ; Mitchell, Lucy ; Kohler, Tim ; Gregg, Ruth . / The Impact of Peatland Restoration on Local Climate : Restoration of a Cool Humid Island. In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences. 2019 ; Vol. 124, No. 6. pp. 1696-1713.

Bibtex

@article{bf8ba8753202404b9c6289318c4df6aa,
title = "The Impact of Peatland Restoration on Local Climate: Restoration of a Cool Humid Island",
abstract = "Land use, land use change, and forestry (LULUCF) have been directly altering climate, and it has been proposed that such changes could mitigate anthropogenic climate warming brought about by increases in greenhouse gas emissions to the atmosphere. Changes due to LULUCF alter the Bowen ratio, surface roughness, and albedo and so directly change air temperatures. Previous studies have focused on changes in the area of forestry and have used space-for-time substitutions to assess the impact of LULUCF. This study considered 18 years of daytime land surface temperature over an area of actual land use change in comparison to its surrounding landscape and considered the restoration of a lowland peat bog: satellite land surface temperature data across 49, 1-km2 grid squares with 20 on peatland and 29 on surrounding agricultural land on mineral soils from 2000 to 2017. The peatland squares were, until 2004, dug for horticultural peat and after 2004 were restored with revegetation of bare soil and restoration of natural water tables. Over the 18 years, the average annual daytime land surface temperature significantly decreased for six grid squares, five of which were on the restored peatland where land surface temperature decreased by 2 K. In 2000, before restoration, the peatland was 0.7 K warmer than the surrounding agricultural land on mineral soils but by 2016 was 0.5 K cooler. This study has shown that anthropogenic land use change could cool a landscape and that functioning peatlands could act as cool, humid islands within a landscape.",
keywords = "albedo, water tables, evaporation, Bowen ratio, MODIS",
author = "Fred Worrall and Ian Boothroyd and Rosie Gardner and Nicholas Howden and Burt, {Tim P.} and Richard Smith and Lucy Mitchell and Tim Kohler and Ruth Gregg",
year = "2019",
month = jul,
day = "18",
doi = "10.1029/2019JG005156",
language = "English",
volume = "124",
pages = "1696--1713",
journal = "Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences",
issn = "2169-8953",
publisher = "American Geophysical Union",
number = "6",

}

RIS - suitable for import to EndNote

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Impact of Peatland Restoration on Local Climate

T2 - Restoration of a Cool Humid Island

AU - Worrall, Fred

AU - Boothroyd, Ian

AU - Gardner, Rosie

AU - Howden, Nicholas

AU - Burt, Tim P.

AU - Smith, Richard

AU - Mitchell, Lucy

AU - Kohler, Tim

AU - Gregg, Ruth

PY - 2019/7/18

Y1 - 2019/7/18

N2 - Land use, land use change, and forestry (LULUCF) have been directly altering climate, and it has been proposed that such changes could mitigate anthropogenic climate warming brought about by increases in greenhouse gas emissions to the atmosphere. Changes due to LULUCF alter the Bowen ratio, surface roughness, and albedo and so directly change air temperatures. Previous studies have focused on changes in the area of forestry and have used space-for-time substitutions to assess the impact of LULUCF. This study considered 18 years of daytime land surface temperature over an area of actual land use change in comparison to its surrounding landscape and considered the restoration of a lowland peat bog: satellite land surface temperature data across 49, 1-km2 grid squares with 20 on peatland and 29 on surrounding agricultural land on mineral soils from 2000 to 2017. The peatland squares were, until 2004, dug for horticultural peat and after 2004 were restored with revegetation of bare soil and restoration of natural water tables. Over the 18 years, the average annual daytime land surface temperature significantly decreased for six grid squares, five of which were on the restored peatland where land surface temperature decreased by 2 K. In 2000, before restoration, the peatland was 0.7 K warmer than the surrounding agricultural land on mineral soils but by 2016 was 0.5 K cooler. This study has shown that anthropogenic land use change could cool a landscape and that functioning peatlands could act as cool, humid islands within a landscape.

AB - Land use, land use change, and forestry (LULUCF) have been directly altering climate, and it has been proposed that such changes could mitigate anthropogenic climate warming brought about by increases in greenhouse gas emissions to the atmosphere. Changes due to LULUCF alter the Bowen ratio, surface roughness, and albedo and so directly change air temperatures. Previous studies have focused on changes in the area of forestry and have used space-for-time substitutions to assess the impact of LULUCF. This study considered 18 years of daytime land surface temperature over an area of actual land use change in comparison to its surrounding landscape and considered the restoration of a lowland peat bog: satellite land surface temperature data across 49, 1-km2 grid squares with 20 on peatland and 29 on surrounding agricultural land on mineral soils from 2000 to 2017. The peatland squares were, until 2004, dug for horticultural peat and after 2004 were restored with revegetation of bare soil and restoration of natural water tables. Over the 18 years, the average annual daytime land surface temperature significantly decreased for six grid squares, five of which were on the restored peatland where land surface temperature decreased by 2 K. In 2000, before restoration, the peatland was 0.7 K warmer than the surrounding agricultural land on mineral soils but by 2016 was 0.5 K cooler. This study has shown that anthropogenic land use change could cool a landscape and that functioning peatlands could act as cool, humid islands within a landscape.

KW - albedo

KW - water tables

KW - evaporation

KW - Bowen ratio

KW - MODIS

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85068207217&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1029/2019JG005156

DO - 10.1029/2019JG005156

M3 - Article (Academic Journal)

AN - SCOPUS:85068207217

VL - 124

SP - 1696

EP - 1713

JO - Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences

JF - Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences

SN - 2169-8953

IS - 6

ER -