The Impact of Sleep Debt on Excess Adiposity and Insulin Sensitivity in Patients with Early Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Teresa Arora, Mimi Z Chen, Ashley R Cooper, Rob C Andrews, Shahrad Taheri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

19 Citations (Scopus)
291 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVES:

We examined cross-sectional and prospective associations between sleep debt and adiposity measures, as well as homeostatic model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) in early type 2 diabetes.

METHODS:

Prospective data analysis from participants of a randomized controlled trial based on an intensive lifestyle intervention (usual care, diet, or diet and physical activity). Data were collected at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months post-intervention. The study was performed across five secondary care centers in the United Kingdom. Patients (n = 593) with a recent diagnosis of type 2 diabetes were recruited. Objective height and weight were ascertained for obesity status (body mass index [BMI]; ≥30 kg/m2), waist circumference (cm) for central adiposity, and fasting blood samples drawn to examine insulin resistance. Seven-day sleep diaries were used to calculate weekday sleep debt at baseline, calculated as average weekend sleep duration minus average weekday sleep duration.

RESULTS:

At baseline, compared to those without weekday sleep debt, those with weekday sleep debt were 72% more likely to be obese (OR = 1.72 [95%CI:1.03-2.88]). At six months, weekday sleep debt was significantly associated with obesity and IR after adjustment, OR = 1.90 (95%CI:1.10-3.30), OR = 2.07 (95%CI:1.02-4.22), respectively. A further increase at 12 months was observed for sleep debt with obesity and IR: OR = 2.10 (95%CI:1.14-3.87), OR = 3.16 (95%CI:1.38-7.24), respectively. For every 30 minutes of weekday sleep debt, the risk of obesity and IR at 12 months increased by 18% and 41%, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

Sleep debt resulted in long-term metabolic disruption, which may promote the progression of type 2 diabetes in newly diagnosed patients. Sleep hygiene/ education could be an important factor for future interventions to target early diabetes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)673-680
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Sleep Medicine
Volume12
Issue number5
Early online date15 Jan 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2016

Keywords

  • insulin resistance
  • type 2 diabetes mellitus
  • sleep debt
  • obesity
  • body mass index
  • waist circumference
  • central adiposity

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