Silicon carbide Schottky barrier diodes (SiC-SBDs) are prone to electromagnetic oscillations in the output characteristics. The oscillation frequency, peak voltage overshoot, and damping are shown to depend on the ambient temperature and the metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET) switching rate (dIDS/dt). In this paper, it is shown experimentally and theoretically that dIDS/dt increases with temperature for a given gate resistance during MOSFET turn-on and reduces with increasing temperature during turn-off. As a result, the oscillation frequency and peak voltage overshoot of the SiC-SBD increases with temperature during diode turn-off. This temperature dependence of the diode ringing reduces at higher dIDS/dt and increases at lower dIDS/dt. It is also shown that the rate of change of dIDS/dt with temperature (d2IDS/dtdT) is strongly dependent on RG and using fundamental device physics equations, this behavior is predictable. The dependence of the switching energy on dIDS/dt and temperature in 1.2-kV SiC-SBDs is measured over a wide temperature range (-75° C to 200° C). The diode switching energy analysis shows that the losses at low dIDS/dt are dominated by the transient duration and losses at high dIDS/dt are dominated by electromagnetic oscillations. The model developed and results obtained are important for predicting electromagnetic interference, reliability, and losses in SiC MOSFET/SBDs.
- power metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET)
- Schottky diodes
- silicon carbide (SiC)