The importance of myocardial amino acids during ischemia and reperfusion in dilated left ventricle of patients with degenerative mitral valve disease

A Venturini, R Ascione, H Lin, E Polesel, G Angelini, M-S Suleiman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Taurine, glutamine, glutamate, aspartate, and alanine are the most abundant intracellular free amino acids in human heart. The myocardial concentration of these amino acids changes during ischemia and reperfusion due to alterations in metabolic and ionic homeostasis. We hypothesized that dilated left ventricle secondary to mitral valve disease has different levels of amino acids compared to the right ventricle and that such differences determine the extent of amino acids' changes during ischemia and reperfusion. Myocardial concentration of amino acids was measured in biopsies collected from left and right ventricles before cardioplegic arrest (Custodiol HTK) and 10 min after reperfusion in patients undergoing mitral valve surgery. The dilated left ventricle had markedly higher (P <0.05) concentrations (nmol/mg wet weight) of taurine (17.0 +/- 1.5 vs. 10.9 +/- 1.5), glutamine (20.5 +/- 2.4 vs. 12.1 +/- 1.2), and glutamate (18.3 +/- 2.2 vs. 11.4 +/- 1.5) when compared to right ventricle. There were no differences in the basal levels of alanine or aspartate. Upon reperfusion, a significant (P <0.05) fall in taurine and glutamine was seen only in the left ventricle. These changes are likely to be due to transport (taurine) and/or metabolism (glutamine). There was a marked increase in the alanine to glutamate ratio in both ventricles indicative of ischemic stress which was confirmed by global release of lactate during reperfusion. This study shows that in contrast to the right ventricle, the dilated left ventricle had remodeled to accumulate amino acids which are used during ischemia and reperfusion. Whether these changes reflect differences in degree of cardioplegic protection between the two ventricles remain to be investigated.
Translated title of the contributionThe importance of myocardial amino acids during ischemia and reperfusion in dilated left ventricle of patients with degenerative mitral valve disease
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63 - 70
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Volume330(1-2)
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2009

Bibliographical note

Publisher: Springerlink

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