The influence of AI text generators on critical thinking skills in UK business schools

Aniekan E Essien*, Oyegoke Bukoye, Christine O'Dea, Marios D Kremantzis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review


This study investigates the influence of generative artificial intelligence (GAI), specifically AI text generators (ChatGPT), on critical thinking skills in UK postgraduate business school students. Using Bloom’s taxonomy as theoretical underpinning, we adopt a mixed-method research employing a sample of 107 participants to investigate both the influence and challenges of these technologies in higher education. Our findings reveal that the most significant improvements occurred at the lower levels of Bloom’s taxonomy. We identify concerns relating to reliability, accuracy, and potential ethical implications of its application in higher education. The significance of this paper spans across, pedagogy, policy and practice, offering insights into the complex relationship between AI technologies and critical thinking skills. While highlighting the multifaceted aspects of the impact of AI in education, this article serves as a guide to educators and policymakers, stressing the importance of a comprehensive approach to fostering critical thinking and other transferable skills in the higher education landscape.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages18
JournalStudies in Higher Education
Early online date17 Feb 2024
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 17 Feb 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright: © 2024 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.


  • Artificial intelligence
  • critical thinking skills
  • generative AI
  • higher education
  • Postgraduate education


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