The influence of dispersal on a predator-prey system with two habitats

P. Gramlich*, S. J. Plitzko, L. Rudolf, B. Drossel, T. Gross

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
233 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Dispersal between different habitats influences the dynamics and stability of populations considerably. Furthermore, these effects depend on the local interactions of a population with other species. Here, we perform a general and comprehensive study of the simplest possible system that includes dispersal and local interactions, namely a 2-patch 2-species system. We evaluate the impact of dispersal on stability and on the occurrence of bifurcations, including pattern forming bifurcations that lead to spatial heterogeneity, in 19 different classes of models with the help of the generalized modelling approach. We find that dispersal often destabilizes equilibria, but it can stabilize them if it increases population losses. If dispersal is nonrandom, i.e. if emigration or immigration rates depend on population densities, the correlation of stability with dispersal rates is positive in part of the models. We also find that many systems show all four types of bifurcations and that antisynchronous oscillations occur mostly with nonrandom dispersal.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)150-161
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Theoretical Biology
Volume398
Early online date30 Mar 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jun 2016

Keywords

  • Adaptive migration
  • Bifurcations
  • Generalized modelling
  • Linear stability
  • Metacommunities

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