The influence of plant polyphenols on lipolysis and biohydrogenation in dried forages at different phenological stages: in vitro study

Andrea Cabiddu*, Lorenzo Salis, John K. S. Tweed, Giovanni Molle, Mauro Decandia, Michael R. F. Lee

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: It is known that forage legumes show a higher transfer efficiency of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) to ruminant dairy products in comparison with grasses. Legumes are usually characterised by moderate levels of plant secondary metabolites, which can have an effect on lipolysis and biohydrogenation in the rumen. An in vitro study was carried out to compare two species with different plant phenol compositions, Vicia sativa (VS, common vetch, cv. Jose) and Trifolium incarnatum (TI, crimson clover, cv. Viterbo) cut at the vegetative (Veg) and reproductive (Rep) stages, on lipolysis and PUFA biohydrogenation in the rumen.

RESULTS: The study showed that forage species and phenological stage affected the levels of bound phenols (BP) and tannic polyphenols (TP). VS was characterised by a higher level of TP than TI at both Veg and Rep stages, whereas BP levels were low in both forages. BP and TP had a negative effect on lipolysis and biohydrogenation, but TP showed a greater negative correlation than BP for both forages.

CONCLUSION: These results showed that lipolysis and biohydrogenation of PUFA could be affected by plant phenols, particularly TP. (C) 2010 Society of Chemical Industry

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)829-835
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Volume90
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Mar 2010

Keywords

  • OXIDASE ACTIVITIES
  • biohydrogenation
  • forage species
  • tannic phenols
  • bound phenols
  • TRANS-11
  • CONDENSED TANNINS
  • phenological stage
  • CONJUGATED LINOLEIC-ACID
  • FRESH
  • RED-CLOVER
  • FATTY-ACID-COMPOSITION
  • SHEEP MILK
  • MEDIATED LIPOLYSIS
  • RUMEN DIGESTA

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