The influence of socio-economic deprivation on tuberculosis treatment delays in England, 2000-2005

C E French, M E Kruijshaar, J A Jones, I Abubakar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


This study investigates the association between socio-economic deprivation and tuberculosis (TB) treatment delays in England, 2000-2005. Patients reported to the Enhanced TB Surveillance system were assigned a deprivation score based on residential postcode, and categorized into deprivation quartiles. Data were analysed using Cox regression. The median interval from symptom onset to treatment initiation was 67 days (inter-quartile range 30-131). The effect of deprivation on this interval was modified by ethnic group and place of birth/time since entry into the United Kingdom. Longer intervals were experienced by the most deprived black Africans, Indians/Pakistanis/Bangladeshis and recent entrants to the United Kingdom, compared to the least deprived. In contrast, among white and UK-born patients, longer intervals were experienced by the least deprived. In conclusion, the effect of deprivation on TB treatment delays varies in different population groups. Efforts are needed to reduce delays including improving awareness of TB and increasing the index of clinical suspicion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)591-6
Number of pages6
JournalEpidemiology and Infection
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2009


  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Distribution
  • Aged
  • Antitubercular Agents
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Continental Population Groups
  • Emigrants and Immigrants
  • England
  • Female
  • Healthcare Disparities
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Sex Distribution
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Tuberculosis
  • Young Adult


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