The internal coordinate path Hamiltonian is introduced for the study of the vibrations of molecules which have one large amplitude motion. The Hamiltonian is represented in terms of a one path coordinate and 3 N -7 normal coordinates. The variational method is used to solve the Schrodinger equation. The molecules studied are methanol and malonaldehyde. For methanol the internal coordinate is a dihedral angle, for malonaldehyde it is the difference in the distances between the migrating hydrogen and the neighbouring oxygen atoms. For methanol there is little coupling between the path and the normal coordinates and so no complications were encountered in the calculations which used harmonic surfaces generated by density functional and Moller-Plesset theory. Fundamental frequencies were predicted. Malonaldehyde is a different story. There is substantial coupling between the path coordinate and several of the normal coordinates. This introduces many complications: an anharmonic surface is essential and large variational configuration interaction calculations are essential for convergence. Furthermore, because the Coriolis terms require the evaluation of derivatives of both the nuclear coordinates and the normal coordinate eigenvectors along the path, great care must be taken with these numerical procedures. B3LYP predicts too low a transition state which overemphasizes the large Coriolis terms near the transition state. This may be one of the reasons why our fundamental vibrations are in poor agreement with observation. It is most encouraging that the tunnelling splitting is 58 cm(-1) (obs . 21.56 cm(-1)), obtained with our quartic density functional surface.
- LARGE-AMPLITUDE MOTION
- MOLECULAR-ORBITAL METHODS