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The long and winding road: MBSE adoption for functional avionics of spacecraft

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The long and winding road : MBSE adoption for functional avionics of spacecraft. / Gregory, Joe R; Berthoud, Lucy; Tryfonas, Theo; Rossignol, Alain; Faure, Ludovic.

In: Journal of Systems and Software, Vol. 160, 110453, 02.2020.

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Gregory, Joe R ; Berthoud, Lucy ; Tryfonas, Theo ; Rossignol, Alain ; Faure, Ludovic. / The long and winding road : MBSE adoption for functional avionics of spacecraft. In: Journal of Systems and Software. 2020 ; Vol. 160.

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@article{879b2e981fcb4cb6be99886e92cb664a,
title = "The long and winding road: MBSE adoption for functional avionics of spacecraft",
abstract = "Model-Based Systems Engineering (MBSE) represents a move away from the traditional approach of Document-Based Systems Engineering (DBSE). It is claimed that MBSE promotes consistency, communication, clarity and maintainability within systems engineering projects and addresses issues associated with cost, complexity and safety. While these potential benefits of MBSE are generally agreed upon by would-be practitioners, its implementation is challenging and many organisations struggle to overcome the cultural and technical hurdles along the long and winding road to MBSE adoption. In this paper, we aim to ease the process of implementation by investigating where the current issues with the existing systems engineering processes lie, and where a model-based approach may be able to help, from the perspective of engineers working on spacecraft functional avionics in Airbus. A repeatable process has been developed to elicit this information. Semi-structured interviews have been conducted with 25 Airbus engineers working in Operations, Software and Failure, Detection, Isolation and Recovery. The acquired data has been thematically analysed to extract common themes from the responses. The results presented in this paper have yielded four recommended application areas to consider when applying MBSE to Functional Avionics: organisation modelling; early functional validation; communication and consistency; template model framework development.",
keywords = "MBSE, modelling, functional avionics, systems engineering, thematic analysis",
author = "Gregory, {Joe R} and Lucy Berthoud and Theo Tryfonas and Alain Rossignol and Ludovic Faure",
year = "2019",
month = "10",
day = "26",
doi = "10.1016/j.jss.2019.110453",
language = "English",
volume = "160",
journal = "Journal of Systems and Software",
issn = "0164-1212",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",

}

RIS - suitable for import to EndNote

TY - JOUR

T1 - The long and winding road

T2 - MBSE adoption for functional avionics of spacecraft

AU - Gregory, Joe R

AU - Berthoud, Lucy

AU - Tryfonas, Theo

AU - Rossignol, Alain

AU - Faure, Ludovic

PY - 2019/10/26

Y1 - 2019/10/26

N2 - Model-Based Systems Engineering (MBSE) represents a move away from the traditional approach of Document-Based Systems Engineering (DBSE). It is claimed that MBSE promotes consistency, communication, clarity and maintainability within systems engineering projects and addresses issues associated with cost, complexity and safety. While these potential benefits of MBSE are generally agreed upon by would-be practitioners, its implementation is challenging and many organisations struggle to overcome the cultural and technical hurdles along the long and winding road to MBSE adoption. In this paper, we aim to ease the process of implementation by investigating where the current issues with the existing systems engineering processes lie, and where a model-based approach may be able to help, from the perspective of engineers working on spacecraft functional avionics in Airbus. A repeatable process has been developed to elicit this information. Semi-structured interviews have been conducted with 25 Airbus engineers working in Operations, Software and Failure, Detection, Isolation and Recovery. The acquired data has been thematically analysed to extract common themes from the responses. The results presented in this paper have yielded four recommended application areas to consider when applying MBSE to Functional Avionics: organisation modelling; early functional validation; communication and consistency; template model framework development.

AB - Model-Based Systems Engineering (MBSE) represents a move away from the traditional approach of Document-Based Systems Engineering (DBSE). It is claimed that MBSE promotes consistency, communication, clarity and maintainability within systems engineering projects and addresses issues associated with cost, complexity and safety. While these potential benefits of MBSE are generally agreed upon by would-be practitioners, its implementation is challenging and many organisations struggle to overcome the cultural and technical hurdles along the long and winding road to MBSE adoption. In this paper, we aim to ease the process of implementation by investigating where the current issues with the existing systems engineering processes lie, and where a model-based approach may be able to help, from the perspective of engineers working on spacecraft functional avionics in Airbus. A repeatable process has been developed to elicit this information. Semi-structured interviews have been conducted with 25 Airbus engineers working in Operations, Software and Failure, Detection, Isolation and Recovery. The acquired data has been thematically analysed to extract common themes from the responses. The results presented in this paper have yielded four recommended application areas to consider when applying MBSE to Functional Avionics: organisation modelling; early functional validation; communication and consistency; template model framework development.

KW - MBSE

KW - modelling

KW - functional avionics

KW - systems engineering

KW - thematic analysis

U2 - 10.1016/j.jss.2019.110453

DO - 10.1016/j.jss.2019.110453

M3 - Article

VL - 160

JO - Journal of Systems and Software

JF - Journal of Systems and Software

SN - 0164-1212

M1 - 110453

ER -