The maximum possible stress intensity factor for a crack in an unknown residual stress field

Harry Coules, David Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

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Abstract

Residual and thermal stress fields in engineering components can act on cracks and structural flaws, promoting or inhibiting fracture. However, these stresses are limited in magnitude by the ability of materials to sustain them elastically. As a consequence, the stress intensity factor which can be applied to a given defect by a self-equilibrating stress field is also limited. We propose a simple weight function method for determining the maximum stress intensity factor which can occur for a given crack or defect in a one-dimensional self-equilibrating stress field, i.e. an upper bound for the residual stress contribution to KI. This can be used for analysing structures containing defects and subject to residual stress without any information about the actual stress field which exists in the structure being analysed. A number of examples are given, including long radial cracks and fully-circumferential cracks in thick-walled hollow cylinders containing self-equilibrating stresses.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-45
JournalInternational Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping
Volume134
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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