The membrane attack complex of complement drives the progression of atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E knockout mice

RD Lewis, CL Jackson, BP Morgan, TR Hughes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

AIMS: To examine the roles of the membrane attack complex of complement and its sole membrane regulator, CD59, in atherosclerosis. METHODS: C6 (C6(-/-)) deficient and CD59a (Cd59a(-/-)) knockout mice were separately crossed onto the apolipoprotein E knockout (apoE(-/-)) background. The double knockout mice were fed high-fat diet in order to study the effects of absence of C6 or CD59a on the progression of atherosclerosis. RESULTS: C6 deficiency significantly reduced plaque area and disease severity. CD59a had the opposite effect in that deficiency was associated with a significant increase in plaque area, correlating with increased membrane attack complex (MAC) deposition in the plaque and increased smooth muscle cell proliferation in early plaques. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate that the MAC contributes to the development of atherosclerosis, C6 deficiency being protective and CD59a deficiency exacerbating disease.
Translated title of the contributionThe membrane attack complex of complement drives the progression of atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E knockout mice
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1098 - 1105
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular Immunology
Volume47(5)
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2010

Bibliographical note

Publisher: Elsevier

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