The nigrostriatal dopamine system: role in the development of hypertension in spontaneously hypertensive rats

A C Linthorst, P L van Giersbergen, M Gras, D H Versteeg, W de Jong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of lesions in the pars compacta of the substantia nigra of 4-week-old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) were studied on (a) changes in blood pressure during a period of 6 weeks following lesioning, and (b) dopamine and metabolite concentrations in the caudate nucleus and (c) the in vitro release of [3H]dopamine from caudate nucleus slices 6 weeks after the lesioning. We report here that substantia nigra lesions caused a profound attenuation of the development of hypertension in SHR. No effect on heart rate was observed. Whereas the concentrations of dopamine and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) in the caudate nucleus were not different, the amount of homovanillic acid (HVA) and the ratios DOPAC/dopamine and HVA/dopamine were lower in sham-treated SHR than in sham-treated WKY, indicating a lower turnover of dopamine in SHR. Six weeks after lesioning, the concentrations of dopamine, DOPAC and HVA were decreased in the caudate nucleus (46-66%) of both strains, whereas DOPAC/dopamine and HVA/dopamine ratios tended to be increased in both SHR and WKY. Using an in vitro superfusion method, it was found, that the electrically stimulated release of [3H]dopamine from caudate nucleus slices of sham-treated SHR was lower than from slices of sham-treated WKY at the age of 10 weeks. Six weeks after lesioning, the stimulus-evoked release of [3H]dopamine from the remaining terminals was significantly increased in caudate nucleus slices of SHR, whereas the difference did not reach statistical significance in WKY.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-8
Number of pages8
JournalBrain Research
Volume639
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 14 Mar 1994

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Rats, Inbred SHR
  • Rats, Inbred WKY
  • Blood Pressure
  • Caudate Nucleus
  • 3,4-Dihydroxyphenylacetic Acid
  • Rats
  • Heart Rate
  • Dopamine
  • Neostriatum
  • Substantia Nigra
  • Homovanillic Acid
  • Male
  • Hypertension

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The nigrostriatal dopamine system: role in the development of hypertension in spontaneously hypertensive rats'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Linthorst, A. C., van Giersbergen, P. L., Gras, M., Versteeg, D. H., & de Jong, W. (1994). The nigrostriatal dopamine system: role in the development of hypertension in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Brain Research, 639(2), 261-8.