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The Peer Reviewers’ Openness Initiative: Incentivizing open research practices through peer review

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Article number150547
Number of pages7
JournalRoyal Society Open Science
Issue number1
DateAccepted/In press - 1 Dec 2015
DatePublished (current) - 13 Jan 2016


Openness is one of the central values of science. Open scientific practices such as sharing data, materials and analysis scripts alongside published articles have many benefits, including easier replication and extension studies, increased availability of data for theory-building and meta-analysis, and increased possibility of review and collaboration even after a paper has been published. Although modern information technology makes sharing easier than ever before, uptake of open practices had been slow. We suggest this might be in part due to a social dilemma arising from misaligned incentives and propose a specific, concrete mechanism—reviewers withholding comprehensive review—to achieve the goal of creating the expectation of open practices as a matter of scientific principle.

    Research areas

  • Open research, Peer review, Science, Transparency

    Structured keywords

  • Memory

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    Rights statement: This is the final published version of the article (version of record). It first appeared online via The Royal Society at Please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.

    Final published version, 325 KB, PDF document

    Licence: CC BY


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