Real-time dynamic substructuring (RTDS) is a state-of-the-art experimental technique for evaluating the dynamic performance of a structural system subjected to time-varying loads in civil engineering. The accuracy and stability of RTDS is affected by the natural dynamics of the constituent transfer system. Of various control strategies, and due to the merits of simple implementation and low computational cost, delay-compensation methods have become most pervasive. In this paper, the performance of delay compensation based methods for RTDS is assessed in terms of accuracy and stability. Three commonly-used delay compensation schemes are considered, two of which are time variant and one time invariant. Stability is assessed analytically, numerically, and experimentally. Accuracy is assessed numerically and experimentally. To provide a suitable test for the delay compensation control schemes, a shaking table is adopted as the RTDS transfer system. It is demonstrated numerically, analytically, and experimentally that when applied to transfer systems such as these, delay compensation can work to the detriment of test accuracy and test stability. Adequate performance of delay compensated, shaking-table based RTDS is confined to a narrow low frequency bandwidth, which severely restricts the range of potential application.
- delay compensation
- dynamic stability
- Real-time dynamic substructuring
- shaking table tests