Projects per year
Background: Anti-hypertensives that modify the renin angiotensin system may reduce Alzheimer’s disease pathology and reduce the rate of disease progression. We report a phase II, two arm, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomised trial (ISRCTN: 93682878; EudraCT: 2012-003641-15) of losartan to test the efficacy of Reducing pathology in Alzheimer’s Disease through Angiotensin TaRgeting (RADAR). Study population: Men and women aged at least 55 years with mild-to-moderate Alzheimer’s disease (AD) Interventions: Randomly allocated 100mg encapsulated generic losartan or placebo once daily for 12 months after successful completion of a 2 week open-label phase and 2 weeks placebo washout to establish drug tolerability. Outcomes: The primary outcome is the rate of whole brain atrophy as a surrogate measure of disease progression. Secondary outcomes include changes to (i) white matter hyperintensity (WMH) volume and cerebral blood flow (CBF) (also surrogate markers of cognitive decline and disease progression); (ii) performance on a standard series of assessments of memory, cognitive function, activities of daily living and quality of life. Assessments: Major assessments (for all outcomes) and relevant safety monitoring of blood pressure and bloods will be at baseline and 12 months. Additional cognitive assessment will also be conducted at 6 months along with safety blood pressure and blood monitoring. Monitoring of blood pressure, bloods and reported side effects will occur during the open-label phase and during the majority of the post-randomisation dispensing visits. Sample Size: 228 participants to provide at least 182 subjects with final assessments to provide 84% power to detect a 25% difference in atrophy rate (therapeutic benefit) change over 12 months at an alpha level of 0.05. Analysis: Intention-to-treat analysis, estimating between-group differences in outcomes derived from appropriate (linear or logistic) multivariable regression models adjusting for minimisation variables.
- Centre for Surgical Research
- BTC (Bristol Trials Centre)
Kehoe, P., Ben-Shlomo, Y., Howden, B., Lane, J. A., Coulthard, L., Blair, P., Horwood, J., Selman, L., & Clement, C. (2017). The Rationale and Design of the Reducing Pathology in Alzheimer’s Disease through Angiotensin TaRgeting (RADAR) Trial. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, 61(2), 803-814. https://doi.org/10.3233/JAD-170101