The regulation of coralline algal physiology, an in situ study of Corallina officinalis (Corallines, Rhodophyta)

Christopher Williamson, Rupert Perkins, Matthew Voller, Marian Louise Yallop, Juliet Brodie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
182 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Calcified macroalgae are critical components of marine ecosystems worldwide, but face considerable threat both from climate change (increasing water temperatures) and ocean acidification (decreasing ocean pH and carbonate saturation). It is thus fundamental to constrain the relationships between key abiotic stressors and the physiological processes that govern coralline algal growth and survival. Here we characterize the complex relationships between the abiotic environment of rock pool habitats and the physiology of the geniculate red coralline alga, Corallina officinalis (Corallinales, Rhodophyta). Paired assessment of irradiance, water temperature and carbonate chemistry, with C. officinalis net production (NP), respiration (R) and net calcification (NG) was performed in a south-western UK field site, at multiple temporal scales (seasonal, diurnal and tidal). Strong seasonality was observed in NP and nighttime R, with a Pmax of 22.35 ìmolDIC.gDW/-1 h-1, Ek of 300 ìmolphotonsm-2 s-1 and R of 3.29 ìmolDIC.gDW/-1 h-1 determined across the complete annual cycle. NP showed a significant exponential relationship with irradiance (R2 D 0:67), although was temperature dependent given ambient Ek for the majority of the annual cycle. Over tidal emersion periods, dynamics in NP highlighted the ability of C. officinalis to acquire inorganic carbon despite significant fluctuations in carbonate chemistry. Across all data, NG was highly predictable (R2 D 0:80) by irradiance, water temperature and carbonate chemistry, providing a NGmax of 3.94 ìmolCaCO3 .gDW/-1 h-1 and Ek of 113 ìmolphotonsm-2s-1. Light NG showed strong seasonality and significant coupling to NP (R2 D 0:65) as opposed to rock pool water carbonate saturation. In contrast, the direction of dark NG (dissolution vs. precipitation) was strongly related to carbonate saturation, mimicking abiotic precipitation dynamics. Data demonstrated that C. officinalis is adapted to both long-term (seasonal) and short-term (tidal) variability in environmental stressors, although the balance between metabolic processes and the external environment may be significantly impacted by future climate change.

Original languageEnglish
Article number14
Pages (from-to)4485-4498
Number of pages14
JournalBiogeosciences
Volume14
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Oct 2017

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