The reinforcement effect of exfoliated graphene oxide nanoplatelets on the mechanical and viscoelastic properties of natural rubber

D. C. Stanier, A. J. Patil*, C. Sriwong, S. S. Rahatekar, J. Ciambella

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The mechanical properties of natural rubber reinforced with exfoliated graphene oxide (GO) nanoplatelets have been studied to evaluate the reinforcement efficiency of the filler. Tensile tests on rectangular specimens have been carried out at different strain rates for deformations up to 600%. Tensile tests showed a significant increase in the Young's modulus of the composites even at low filler loading (+50% at 1.00. wt%) that corroborates the strong interfacial interaction between GO and natural rubber. The viscoelastic properties are investigated through relaxation tests and loading-unloading cycles at different strain rates. It is shown that the Young's modulus increases with the strain rate and the dissipation increases (+250% at 0.75. wt%) for increased GO content because of the increased friction caused by the presence of high aspect-ratio GO platelets. These findings indicate significant improvements in the mechanical properties at much lower filler concentration than those usually achieved with carbon black or carbon nanotubes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-66
Number of pages8
JournalComposites Science and Technology
Volume95
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2014

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