The relationship between gene-specific DNA methylation in leukocytes and normal colorectal mucosa in subjects with and without colorectal tumors

Mina Sarah Ally, Reyad Al-Ghnaniem, Maria Pufulete

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

CpG island methylation in the promoter regions of tumor suppressor genes has been shown to occur in normal colonic tissue and can distinguish between subjects with and without colorectal neoplasms. It is unclear whether this relationship exists in other tissues such as blood. We report the relationship between estrogen receptor gene (estrogen receptor alpha) methylation in leukocyte and normal colonic tissue DNA in subjects with and without colorectal neoplasia. DNA was extracted from frozen stored whole blood samples of 27 subjects with cancer, 30 with adenoma, 16 with hyperplastic polyps, and 57 disease-free subjects. DNA methylation in seven CpG sites close to the transcription start of estrogen receptor alpha was quantitated using pyrosequencing and expressed as a methylation index (average methylation across all CpG sites analyzed). Estrogen receptor alpha methylation in leukocyte DNA was compared with estrogen receptor alpha methylation in normal colonic mucosa DNA that had been previously determined in the same subjects. Estrogen receptor alpha was partially methylated (median, 4.3%; range, 0.0-12.6%) in leukocyte DNA in all subjects, with no significant difference between disease groups (P>0.05). Estrogen receptor alpha methylation in leukocytes was 60% lower than estrogen receptor alpha methylation in normal colonic tissue (P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)922-8
Number of pages7
JournalCancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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