### Abstract

The elastic energy of a multiphase solid is a function of its microstructure. Determining the infimum of the energy of such a solid and characterizing the associated optimal microstructures is an important problem that arises in the modeling of the shape memory effect, microstructure evolution, and optimal design. Mathematically, the problem is to determine the relaxation under fixed phase fraction of a multiwell energy. This paper addresses two such problems in the geometrically linear setting. First, in two dimensions, we compute the relaxation under fixed phase fraction for a two-well elastic energy with arbitrary elastic moduli and transformation strains, and provide a characterization of the optimal microstructures and the associated strain. Second, in three dimensions, we compute the relaxation under fixed phase fraction for a two-well elastic energy when either (1) both elastic moduli are isotropic, or (2) the elastic moduli are well ordered and the smaller elastic modulus is isotropic. In both cases we impose no restrictions on the transformation strains. We provide a characterization of the optimal microstructures and the associated strain. We also compute a lower bound that is optimal except possibly in one regime when either (1) both elastic moduli are cubic, or (2) the elastic moduli are well ordered and the smaller elastic modulus is cubic; for moduli with arbitrary symmetry we obtain a lower bound that is sometimes optimal. In all these cases we impose no restrictions on the transformation strains and whenever the bound is optimal we provide a characterization of the optimal microstructures and the associated strain. In both two and three dimensions the quasiconvex envelope of the energy can be obtained by minimizing over the phase fraction. We also characterize optimal microstructures under applied stress.

Translated title of the contribution | The relaxation of two-well energies with possibly unequal moduli |
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Original language | English |

Pages (from-to) | 409 - 479 |

Number of pages | 71 |

Journal | Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis |

Volume | 187 |

Issue number | 3 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - Mar 2008 |

### Bibliographical note

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## Cite this

Chenchiah, IV., & Bhattacharya, K. (2008). The relaxation of two-well energies with possibly unequal moduli.

*Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis*,*187*(3), 409 - 479. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00205-007-0075-3