The role of interoperability in sustainability decisions: the case of CDP

Maria Mora Rodriguez, Chris Preist

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference Contribution (Conference Proceeding)

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Climate change, pollution, deforestation and water scarcity are important problems that human activities provoke. Business decisions and actions are the major causes of environ-mental degradation. Decisions based on broader aspects than financial ones are required to bring solutions to these environ-mental challenges. For that purpose, businesses need a transfor-mation in their management and operations. The information is critical to ensure the decision-making process, in this study we present the corporate reporting ecosystem that businesses face today. The opportunities and pending challenges that this scenar-io of information signifies, and the role that the interoperability, understood as the ability to exchange and use information given a heterogeneous scenario of organisations and information, could play to achieve the business transformation, in the light of the European Framework for Interoperability (European Commis-sion, 2015), are explored. CDP (formerly known as Carbon Disclo-sure Project) is the relevant case studied, as it is one of the most important environmental reporting initiatives in the world. In particular, we explore the role of interoperability in CDP through interviews with 17 CDP members. These respondents being a set of companies and their stakeholders, including inves-tors, governments, scholars and NGOs. As a conclusion, we con-firm that (1) interoperability has a role to play to empower more environmental actions in businesses; (2) specific characteristics of interoperability are demanded in legal, organisational, semantic and technical levels in order to consider environmental infor-mation in decisions; (3) the need for ICT solutions to tackle in-teroperability challenges is mainly required in the areas of data standardization, data connectivity and data integration with ap-plications and processes.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication4th International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies for Sustainability (ICT4S 2016)
PublisherAtlantis Press
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9789462522244
Publication statusPublished - 19 Aug 2016
Event4th International Conference on ICT for Sustainability - Amsterdam, Netherlands
Duration: 29 Aug 20161 Sep 2016
Conference number: 4

Publication series

NameAdvances in Computer Science Research
PublisherAtlantis Press
ISSN (Print)2352-538x


Conference4th International Conference on ICT for Sustainability
Abbreviated titleICT4S 2016
Internet address


  • Interoperability
  • Business transformation
  • Environmental Reporting
  • CDP

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